Abyaneh is located in the central district of Natanz County. It is at least 1500 years old as there are some Sassanid remains. This is a historical village that named, Abyaneh which has cultural features and has maintained its traditions and ancient architectural style, hosting tens of thousands of foreign and Iranian tourists every year.
This village is situated in northwest of Karkas Mountain of Zagros Mountain Range. The Barzroud River, which originates from Karkas Mountain, is the main source of the villagers’ drinking water. Its water is also used for irrigation of this village’s orchards and farmlands.
Abyaneh Village is home to valuable historical monuments.
The people of this village have lived in isolation for centuries due to the mountainous region and the Far distance. They have traditional language and clothes from ancient times.
Some researchers believe that the language of the people of this village has Avestan roots.
Meanwhile, their clothes are similar to those of Bakhtiari nomads, which is said to belong to Sassanid era.
Men in this village wear ordinary clothes, and long, black, and baggy trousers. The clothes of women include a floral scarf, floral dresses, and pleated skirts. Traditional industries are a lot, such as carpet-weaving, production of sneakers and silver ornaments, and manufacture decorative items from Espand (wild rue seeds).
The indigenous and ancient architecture of Abyaneh Village has turned it into one of the most beautiful villages in the world. Its historical monuments include a fireplace belonging to Sassanid era; Anahita Temple, castles, mosques, holy shrines, and houses belonging to Safavid era, as well as a monastery and water storage.
We find historical buildings in Abyaneh which belong to Seljuk, Safavid, and Qajarid eras.
The village’s multi-storey buildings, which are made of red clay, are very interesting. The red clay is secured from a mine, outside this village. Some say that the further the rainfall the more solidified this red clay becomes.
Given the location of Abyaneh Village on a steep foothill, the rooftops of lower houses are the courtyard of upper houses.
Meanwhile, the architectural style of Abyaneh houses is in tandem with the regional climate. A number of arrangements have been made to prevent energy waste in cold and warm seasons.
The outer thick walls made of sun-dried mud bricks, walls and roofs covered with mud and straw, and wooden
ceilings have all given a particular identity to this village.
The doors and windows of the buildings are all made of wood.
The balconies with wooden banisters, looming toward the roads, have added beauty to the facades