Poets’ Mausoleum (Maqbarat-o-Shoara)
Maqbaratoshoara or the Poets’ Mausoleum is a testimony to the city’s glorious cultural in the past. Located in the Sorkhab district of Tabriz, the historical site houses over 400 writers, poets and mystics buried from the 11th century to the modern times. The mausoleum was formerly known as Sorkhab Cemetery. The original site was rocked by earthquakes, and damaged by floods over the course of time until it was renovated and adorned with a memorial monument in the 1970s. The precise date of its establishment is not known. The mausoleum was first mentioned by Hamdollah Mostowfi in his Nozhat ol-Gholoub.
Tabriz has always been known throughout history as a haven for literary and cultural figures lived or stayed in the city at one point in their lives.
Iranian poet, linguist and writer Asadi Tousi is believed to have been the first literary figure buried at the Mausoleum of Poets in the late 11th century. The tradition was followed by entombing other prominent classical poets such as Khaqani, Anvari Abivardi, and Qatran Tabrizi. Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar is the most renowned contemporary Iranian poet to have been laid to rest at the site. The death and subsequent burial of Shahriar enhanced the profile of Maqbaratoshoara and made it a must-see tourist attraction of Tabriz. The mausoleum of Shahriar is located in the middle of the complex at a height of 30 meters. Other examples of literary and cultural figures are Javad Azar and Mirza Taher Khoshnevis-Tabrizi.
The monument has been designed by Gholamreza Farzanmehr and combines modern and traditional Persian architectural elements. To be more precise on the construction part, the design was selected in a competition held in 1970. Construction operations started in 1972 and it was completed in 1982.
Tabriz Mausoleum of Poets is one of the most famous literary sites in Iran and it attracts a great number of Iranian and foreign visitors engaged with literature and art.