The etymology of the city name comes from the Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tape Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this was changed to “Kashian”, hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian, the word for a tile (kashi) comes from the name of the town.
Kashan is cited in the neighborhood of two of the highest peaks of Karkas chain, Mount Karkas to the southwest of Kashan, and Mount Ardehal in the west of Kashan, also known as “Damavand of Kashan” and the highest peak of Ardehal mountains.
Kashan is one of the famous oasis city on the edge of the dasht–e–Kavir, gets our votes one of the most alluring destinations in Iran, Boasting a highly atmospheric covered bazaar, a cluster of Architecturally significant 19th– century.
Tourism and attractions
AGHA BOZORG MOSQUE:
It is a historical mosque in Kashan. The mosque was built in the late 18th century by master-mimar Ustad Haj Sa’ban-ali. The mosque and theological school (madrasah) is located in the center of the city.
Agha Bozorgh Mosque was constructed for prayers, preaching and teaching sessions held by Molla Mahdi Naraghi I known as AGHA BOZORG.
The mosque has been described as “the finest Islamic complex in Kashan and one of the best of the 19th century”. Noted for its symmetrical design, it consists of two large Iwans, one in front of the mihrab and the other by the entrance. The courtyard has a second court in the middle which comprises a garden with trees and a fountain. The Iwan in front of Mehrab has two minarets with a brick dome. It was here where Ostad Ali Maryam as a pupil started his career as an architect.
THE BORUJERDI HOUSE
This house was built in 1857 by architect Ostad Ali Maryam, for the wife of Seyyed Mehdi Borujerdi, a wealthy merchant. The wife came from the affluent Tabatabaei family, which Seyyed Mehdi Fall in love with her and built this house for her.
It consists of a rectangular beautiful courtyard, delightful wall paintings by the royal painter Sani ol molk, and three 40 meter tall wind towers which help cool the house to unusually cool temperatures. It has 3 entrances, and all the classic signatures of traditional Persian residential architecture, such as Biruni yard (exterior yard) and daruni yard (andarun) (interior yard). The house took eighteen years to build using 150 craftsmen.
THE TABATABAEI HOUSE
It is a historic house in KASHAN, IRAN. It was built in the early 1880 for the affluent Tabatabai family.
It consists of four courtyards, wall paintings with elegant stained glass windows, and includes other classic features of traditional Persian residential architecture, such as biruni ( Exterior Yard ) and andaruni. (interior yard).
It was designed by Ostad Ali Maryam, architect of the Borujerdis House and the Timcheh Amin ol-Dowleh. The house is almost 5,000 square meters and has been very well renovated. The interior yards have beautiful gardens.