Iranian Architecture in 5 Cities

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Wonders of Persian Architecture 

Medieval Iran has witnessed the emergence of some of the most beautiful wonders of Islamic art and architecture. These wonders mostly emerged during the Safavid dynasty, when Isfahan was the capital city of Persia. The Persian architecture from the 1500s to the 1800s, known as the early modern period, featured quite distinct architecture elements like the pointed arches, the sculptural stalactites, known as ‘Muqarnas’, and the bulbous domes with floral decorations. The polychrome tiles of blue, gold, turquoise, and white cover the interiors of mosques and palaces, in the forms of complicated floral and geometric patterns as well as the Arabic calligraphy quoting verses from the Quran.

The marvelous Persian architecture that rose in the time remains up to this day a sight to behold. It transcends you to the heavens with its otherworldly charm. So, let’s take a look at those images by photographers who managed to capture the essence of this quite unique charm of Persian architecture.

Persian Architecture
Muqarnas work

1. Tehran

Golestan Palace means the palace of flowers, and it was the royal residence for the Qajar dynasty which ruled Persia during the 19th century.

Persian Architecture- Karimkhani Pavilion
Karimkhani Pavilion
Persian Architecture- Badgir Mansion- Golestan Palace
Badgir Mansion- Golestan Palace

2. Isfahan

Grand Mosque of Isfahan or the Jamee’ Mosque of Isfahan is the congregational mosque of Iran’s former capital city.

Persian Architecture- Imam's (Shah's) Mosque Entrance Gate
Imam’s (Shah’s) Mosque Entrance Gate- Isfahan
Persian Architecture- Shah's (Imam's) mosque - Isfahan
Shah’s (Imam’s) mosque – Isfahan

 

Shah Mosque, also known as Imam Mosque, is a relic of Persian architecture (Safavid era) which lies on the southern side of Isfahan’s central square Naghsh-e Jahan.

Persian Architecture- Dome of ( Shah) Emam Mosque - Isfahan
Dome of ( Shah) Emam Mosque – Isfahan

 

Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is another mosque and Persian Architecture (Safavid era) masterpiece marking the eastern side of Naghsh-e Jahan square.

Persian Architecture- Geometry & Algebra in Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque- Isfahan
Geometry & Algebra in Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque- Isfahan
Persian Architecure-Muqarnas Work- Isfahan
Muqarnas Work- Isfahan

Bazaar of Isfahan is a historical Market, dating back to the Safavid dynasty, and one of the biggest in the Middle-east. It lies on the northern side of the Nagsh-e Jahan square.

Persian Architecture-Bazzar- Isfahan
Bazzar- Isfahan

 

Ali Qapu is a grand Safavid palace on the western side of the Naqsh-e Jahan square. Its name literally means the Imperial Gate, as it was originally meant to be a great portal to the square.

Persian Architecture- Music Hall- Ali Qapu Edifice- Isfahan
Music Hall- Ali Qapu Edifice- Isfahan
Persian Architecture-Ali Qapu Palace- Isfahan
Ali Qapu Palace- Isfahan

 

Allāhverdi Khan Bridge, also known as the Bridge of 33 Spans, is the longest on the Zayandeh River and one of 11 other bridges in Isfahan. It was constructed, during the Safavid dynasty rule, by Allahverdi Khan.

Persian Architecture- 33 Arches- 33 Pol- Isfahan
33 Arches- 33 Pol- Isfahan
Persian Architecture- Bridge of 33 Arches- Isfahan
Bridge of 33 Arches (33 Pol)- Isfahan

 

Chehel Sotoun is a palace built by Shah Abbas II of the Safavid dynasty to receive and entertain guests. Its name means 40 columns, referring to its 20 column by the entrance which seems to double in number when reflected on the water surface of the front pool.

Persian Architecture-Chehel Sotun (Forty Column) Mansion- Isfahan
Chehel Sotun (Forty Column)- Isfahan
Persian Architecture- Chehel Sotoun Mansion- Isfahan
Chehel Sotoun Mansion- Isfahan

 

3. Kashan

Abbasi House is a grand traditional house with six courtyards. It was built during the Safavid dynasty and it is a fine example of residences in Persian Architecture.

Persian Architecture-The Abbasians House- Kashan
Abbasiha House- Kashan
Persian Architecture- Traditional Iranian House
Traditional Iranian House- Interior Design
Persian Architecture-The Abbasians House- Kashan
The Abbasian House- Kashan
Persian Architecture- The Boroujerdis House- Kashan
The Boroujerdis House- Kashan

Bazaar of Kashan is an old market in Kashan which dates back to the Seljuk era. It includes the exquisite Timcheh-ye Amin od-Dowleh which was designed by the famous 19th-century Persian architect Ustad Ali Maryam.

Persian Architecture-Timche-ye Amin o-Dowleh- Kashan
Timche-ye Amin o-Dowleh- Kashan

Broujerdi House is an old house built during the Qajar dynasty, also by Ustad Ali Maryam, for the wife of a wealthy merchant.

Persian Architecture- The Broujerdis House- Kashan
The Broujerdis House Interior Design- Kashan

Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse is a traditional public bathhouse which was built during the Safavid dynasty and renovated during the Qajar dynasty after getting damaged by an earthquake.

Persian Architecture- Sultan Amir Ahmad Bath- Kashan
Sultan Amir Ahmad Bath- Kashan

4. Shiraz

Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque was built in the 19th century during the Qajar rule. It is also known as the Pink Mosque, and it is recognizable by its colorful glass. The light passing through the windows colors beautifully on the reflective ground tiles.

Persian Architecture- Pink (Nasir ol-molk) Mosque- Shiraz
Pink (Nasir ol-molk) Mosque- Shiraz

 

Persian Mosque- Nasir ol-molk Mosque- Shiraz
Nasir ol-molk Mosque- Shiraz

Shah Cheragh is a mosque which houses the tombs of the sons of the seventh Imam, one of the 12 Imams of the Shia Muslims who mainly reside in Persia. It is also famous for its dazzlingly glittery interior.

Persian Architecture- Shah Cheragh Mausoleum- Shiraz
Shah Cheragh Mausoleum- Shiraz

Vakil Mosque was built during the Zand dynasty rule for southern Iran in the second half of the 18th century, and it was later restored by the Qajar.

Persian Architecture- Vakil Mosque- Shiraz
Vakil Mosque- Shiraz

Jame Mosque of Yazd is an Azeri styled grand congregational mosque of the historical city. Its construction was probably completed during the 14th century.

 Persian Architecture-Jam'e Mosque- Yazd
Jam’e Mosque- Yazd
Persian Architecture- Masjid-e-Jāmeh- Yazd
Masjid-e-Jāmeh- Yazd

Alexander’s Prison is a school which dates back to the 15th century. It got this name because of the references in a poem by the Hafez, the famous Persian poet. However, there is no evidence that the school was formerly Alexander’s dungeons.

Persian Architecture- Alexanders Prison- Yazd
Alexanders Prison- Yazd

Fahadan House was built in the 18th century and it has been turned into a Museum Hotel.

Persian Architecture- The Fahadan House- Yazd
The Fahadan House- Yazd

Archway from old brick and mud circulates through the historical Yazd city. Lighting comes from the holes in the ceiling.

Persian Architecture-Old City- Yazd
Old City- Yazd

 

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